Quick Answer: What Are Two Types Of High Explosives?

Why TNT is explosive?

TNT is explosive for two reasons.

First, it contains the elements carbon, oxygen and nitrogen, which means that when the material burns it produces highly stable substances (CO, CO2 and N2) with strong bonds, so releasing a great deal of energy..

What is the most powerful non nuclear bomb?

Mother of All Bombs“Mother of All Bombs” (MOAB) is the U.S. most powerful non-nuclear weapon, it was first deployed in combat in Afghanistan, 2017. An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded in the Texas town of West.

What is the deadliest acid?

Hydrofluoric acid (HF)Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is only a weak acid, meaning it doesn’t fully dissociate into its ions in water. Even so, it’s probably the most dangerous acid in this list because it’s the one you’re most likely to encounter. This acid is used to make fluorine-containing drugs, including Teflon and fluorine gas.

What chemicals are explosive?

Here are five of these non-nuclear chemicals which all explode via the rapid release of gas.TNT. One of the most commonly known explosive chemicals is trinitrotoluene, or TNT, which has featured extensively in video games and films. … TATP. … RDX. … PETN. … Aziroazide azide.

What makes a reaction explosive?

For a chemical to be an explosive, it must exhibit all of the following: Rapid expansion (i.e., rapid production of gases or rapid heating of surroundings) Evolution of heat. Rapidity of reaction.

What are the two types of explosions?

The two major types of explosions are mechanical and chemical and are differentiated by the source and mechanism that produce them. The characteristics of explosion damage are low-order and high-order damage.

What is the most dangerous explosive?

Azidoazide azideLike all azides, it reacts with water to emit explosive, highly toxic hydrogen azide. Azidoazide azide has been called “the most dangerous explosive material in the world.” It is also No. 3 in K. S. Lane’s list “The 10 Most Dangerous Chemicals Known to Man”. Thomas M.

What is Emulex explosive?

Emulex is explosive material that is a sensitive emulsion explosive with a greyish-yellow paste like texture wrapped in plastic film or rigid paper tube cartridges. It is used in rock blasting in quarry.

What is the deadliest chemical in the world?

Botulinum toxin1. Botulinum toxin. Scientists differ about the relative toxicities of substances, but they seem to agree that botulinum toxin, produced by anaerobic bacteria, is the most toxic substance known. Its LD50 is tiny – at most 1 nanogram per kilogram can kill a human.

What does TNT stand for?

TNT is defined as an abbreviation for the explosive trinitrotoluene. An example of TNT is the compound used in dynamite. YourDictionary definition and usage example.

What are examples of high explosives?

Examples of primary high explosives are:Acetone peroxide.Alkali metal ozonides.Ammonium permanganate.Ammonium chlorate.Azidotetrazolates.Azoclathrates.Benzoyl peroxide.Benzvalene.More items…

What is the fastest explosive?

OctanitrocubaneOctanitrocubane has a detonation velocity of 10,100 m/s, making it the fastest known explosive.

Who made the first explosive?

Alfred NobelExplosive/Inventors

How is Semtex detonated?

Explosives such as Semtex, C4 or P4 detonate in a spectacular fashion. The shock wave functions to instantaneously convert the solid explosive into a gaseous form many thousands of times its original volume. This in turn releases energy in the form of light, heat and a devastating shock wave or blast.

Why is dynamite called TNT?

Dynamite is formed into explosive sticks that feature a wick and a blasting cap. … You may see some explosives labeled “TNT” that look like dynamite. TNT stands for trinitrotoluene, which is also an explosive but quite different from dynamite.

What are the 3 categories of high explosives?

Explosive, any substance or device that can be made to produce a volume of rapidly expanding gas in an extremely brief period. There are three fundamental types: mechanical, nuclear, and chemical.

What is the most explosive material?

Azidoazide azideAzidoazide azide is the most explosive chemical compound ever created. It is part of a class of chemicals known as high-nitrogen energetic materials, and it gets its “bang” from the 14 nitrogen atoms that compose it in a loosely bound state. This material is both highly reactive and highly explosive.

What is c4 made of?

C-4 is composed of explosives, plastic binder, plasticizer to make it malleable, and usually a marker or odorizing taggant chemical. C-4 has a texture similar to modelling clay and can be molded into any desired shape.