Quick Answer: What Are The Stages Of HIE?

Is hie a disability?

HIE can lead to brain damage, and often to a disability like cerebral palsy.

The degree of disability varies by individual and is highly dependent on how long the baby was lacking oxygen..

What is severe HIE?

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) is a type of brain damage that occurs when an infant’s brain doesn’t receive enough oxygen and blood. It is a dangerous condition that requires immediate medical intervention. Per the Florida Neonatal Neurologic Network, HIE affects 20 out of every 1,000 full term births.

Does Hie cause cerebral palsy?

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) can cause cerebral palsy (CP), though the two do not always appear together. Brain damage from HIE can manifest in several different ways, including cognitive impairments, vision and hearing issues, and motor difficulties.

Is Hie genetic?

Current research has demonstrated that the pathogenesis of HIE is not only correlated with maternal factors, fetal growth, uterine environ- ment and labor process but also associated with congenital genetic factors.

Who is at risk for hie?

Multiples pregnancy: Women pregnant with twins and other multiples are at increased risk of complications that can lead to HIE. These include (among others), premature birth, umbilical cord problems, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes (8).

Can babies recover from hie?

Brain injuries from HIE often result in physical disabilities and cognitive impairment. A smaller percentage of babies with HIE fully recover and experience only mild symptoms of neurologic injury.

What are symptoms of hie?

Signs and symptoms of HIE in the neonatal periodLow Apgar scores at five or 10 minutes.Seizures.Difficulty feeding.Breathing problems.Hypotonia (low muscle tone)Organ problems (failure, damage)Acidemia (low pH in umbilical cord blood gas tests)Abnormal response to light.More items…

How is Hie treated?

Following initial resuscitation and stabilization, treatment of HIE includes hypothermia therapy for moderate to severe encephalopathy as well as supportive measures focusing on adequate oxygenation, ventilation and perfusion, careful fluid management, avoidance of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, and treatment of …

How common is hie?

Neonatal HIE is estimated to occur in about 1.5 per 1,000 live births (1). The incidence of HIE is higher in countries with limited resources; birth asphyxia* causes 23 percent of neonatal deaths worldwide (2).

What can hie cause?

HIE has many causes, including placental insufficiency, uterine rupture, placental abruption, true umbilical knots, cord compression, maternal blood clotting disorders, feto-maternal hemorrhage, extremely low maternal blood pressure, trauma during delivery, placental blood clots, shoulder dystocia, cord prolapse, …

Is Hie curable?

At present, there is no true cure for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). However there is one treatment, called therapeutic hypothermia, that can reduce the extent of permanent brain damage if given very shortly after birth or the oxygen-depriving incident.

Do doctors still slap babies?

Earlier, many doctors would hold the baby upside down firmly around his legs and then slap the butt gently. This not only causes slight pain to the child, but the motion also helps loosen any residues that might be obstructing the airways. Constantly doing so can irritate the child enough to begin crying.