Quick Answer: How Common Is Hie?

Who is at risk for hie?

Multiples pregnancy: Women pregnant with twins and other multiples are at increased risk of complications that can lead to HIE.

These include (among others), premature birth, umbilical cord problems, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes (8)..

What causes baby hie?

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, or HIE, is the brain injury caused by oxygen deprivation to the brain, also commonly known as intrapartum asphyxia. The newborn’s body can compensate for brief periods of depleted oxygen, but if the asphyxia lasts too long, brain tissue is destroyed.

What is hope hie?

Hope for HIE is a worldwide charity organization supporting those affected by neonatal or pediatric acquired hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Hope for HIE was started by a group of families who were greatly impacted when their own children were diagnosed with the brain injury hypoxic ischemic encephal…

Do cerebral palsy babies cry a lot?

Children with cerebral palsy often cry inconsolably without cause, known as neurogenic crying. This type of crying is different than the cry from pain or frustration. According to studies, it’s thought that underlying neurobehavioral, subclinical seizures or other static brain injury may be sources of the crying.

Is hie a disability?

HIE can lead to brain damage, and often to a disability like cerebral palsy. The degree of disability varies by individual and is highly dependent on how long the baby was lacking oxygen.

Can Hie cause microcephaly?

Acquired microcephaly: Acquired microcephaly occurs when the brain is damaged by an injury like HIE or birth asphyxia. In cases of acquired microcephaly, the head is often a normal size at birth, but as the baby grows, the head and brain begin to appear smaller than is expected.

Is Hie genetic?

Current research has demonstrated that the pathogenesis of HIE is not only correlated with maternal factors, fetal growth, uterine environ- ment and labor process but also associated with congenital genetic factors.

How can hie be prevented?

To prevent oxygen deprivation, medical professionals must closely monitor the health of babies during pregnancy, the birthing process, and the neonatal period. In many cases, the underlying risk factors and causes can be recognized, mitigated, and controlled in order to prevent HIE.

Can a baby fully recover from hie?

Brain injuries from HIE often result in physical disabilities and cognitive impairment. A smaller percentage of babies with HIE fully recover and experience only mild symptoms of neurologic injury.

What famous person has cerebral palsy?

Famous People Who Have or Had Cerebral PalsyAbbey Nicole Curran.Anne McDonald.Bonner Paddock.Chris Fonseca.Chris Nolan.Christy Brown.Dan Keplinger.David Ring.More items…•

What are symptoms of hie?

Symptoms and Signs of Hypoxic Ischemic EncephalopathyApgar scores of 3 or lower that last longer than five minutes.Pale or blue skin coloration.Weak or absent breathing patterns.Low heart rate.Acidosis of the blood.Poor muscle tone and weak or absent reflexes.

Do doctors still slap babies?

Earlier, many doctors would hold the baby upside down firmly around his legs and then slap the butt gently. This not only causes slight pain to the child, but the motion also helps loosen any residues that might be obstructing the airways. Constantly doing so can irritate the child enough to begin crying.

How is Hie treated?

Following initial resuscitation and stabilization, treatment of HIE includes hypothermia therapy for moderate to severe encephalopathy as well as supportive measures focusing on adequate oxygenation, ventilation and perfusion, careful fluid management, avoidance of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, and treatment of …

What are the stages of HIE?

Table I.Mild HIE (Stage 1)Moderate HIE (Stage 2)Muscle toneNormalMild hypotoniaDeep tendon reflexesIncreasedIncreased or decreasedPrimitive reflexesExaggeratedWeakAutonomic functionJitteriness, tachycardia, mydriasisBradycardia, miosis2 more rows

Is Hie curable?

At present, there is no true cure for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). However there is one treatment, called therapeutic hypothermia, that can reduce the extent of permanent brain damage if given very shortly after birth or the oxygen-depriving incident.

What is severe HIE?

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) is a type of brain damage that occurs when an infant’s brain doesn’t receive enough oxygen and blood. It is a dangerous condition that requires immediate medical intervention. Per the Florida Neonatal Neurologic Network, HIE affects 20 out of every 1,000 full term births.

How does Hie happen?

Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a type of brain dysfunction that occurs when the brain doesn’t receive enough oxygen or blood flow for a period of time. Hypoxic means not enough oxygen; ischemic means not enough blood flow; and encephalopathy means brain disorder.

Can a child outgrow cerebral palsy?

Though one cannot outgrow cerebral palsy, the symptoms can definitely change as we age. As we get older, the disorder does not get “worse”, but there can be shifts in symptoms and severity.

What are signs of lack of oxygen to the brain?

Headache: When insufficient amounts of oxygen reach the brain, headaches are common and can be an early indicator of hypoxemia. Shortness of breath: Shortness of breath, or dyspnea, is one of the more common signs of hypoxemia. Shortness of breath feels like being winded, or struggling to get enough breath.

Does Hie cause cerebral palsy?

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) can cause cerebral palsy (CP), though the two do not always appear together. Brain damage from HIE can manifest in several different ways, including cognitive impairments, vision and hearing issues, and motor difficulties.

Can Hie cause autism?

While hypoxic and ischemic injuries are relatively rare, when they happen, they can cause permanent brain damage and even death. Children who suffer from HIE and survive may develop cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness, epilepsy, developmental delay and/or autism spectrum disorder.